Fundamentals – The basics of a Smart Grid
Smart grids are key to control fluctuating energies from sustainably generated energy sources. While a traditional electricity network is characterized by a large central power generation system where millions of users are connected, Smart Grids can also be small-scaled or decentralized energy supply systems where end consumers simultaneously become energy producers.
The consistent integration of IT communication and field levels enables integrated solutions which, created by synergies, add value and open up new perspectives for all participants involved. On the one hand, circuits can be adapted flexibly and in consideration of environmental aspects and on the other hand better to supply and demand. The responsiveness based on continuously transmitted information through Smart Grids lies in the range of milliseconds and seconds.
Another crucial aspect is the sustainability of the power production, where in particular the continuous adaptation of fluctuating energies is constantly optimized due to the integration of decentralized energy generation.