In 1874, the writer Jules Verne described for the first time in a novel, that in later times once instead of coal, hydrogen could be burned.
In 1923, the scientist John Burdon Sanderson Haldane outlined in an essay for the first time the basic principles of a hydrogen economy.
In 1999, the government of Iceland had begun a program with the aim of targeting a 100% -hydrogen-based energy industry by 2020 free of fossil fuels.
In 2002, the economist Jeremy Rifkin described the concept of a hydrogen economy.
In 2007, the European Parliament adopted a declaration under the advice of Jeremy Rifkin, in which the creation of an environmentally friendly hydrogen infrastructure is promoted until 2025.